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Masonry Terms

Brick. It is a solid masonry unit which is made of clay or shale that is molded into a rectangular prism. This is the most common exterior material in homes and landscapes because of its durability, versatility, and attractiveness.

Concrete. This refers to the artificial stone building material that is made of sand, cement, gravel, and water.

Concrete Masonry Unit. This is a large rectangular block that is made of sand, gravel, pebbles, and broken stone. It has a hard and strong finish and is sometimes textured or colored.

Construction Grouts. This is a mixture of cement, sand, clay, and some chemicals that is used to fill voids in foundation works. This can also refer to mortar that has a considerable amount of water and is poured to joints, cracks, and spaces within masonry floors and walls.

Caulking. The process of using a flexible compound that is used to seal cracks, provide waterproofing, fill joints, and prevent leakage.

Course. This refers to the continuous horizontal layers or rows of masonry. If several courses are bonded together, they form the masonry structure.

Efflorescence. It is the white substance encrustation that is usually deposited on the surface of bricks, stones, plastic, and mortar.

Flagstone.  A flat stone that is one to four inches thick. It is commonly used as a stepping stone or for outdoor paving and terracing.

Hardscaping. This refers to the hard elements in a landscape. This is usually composed of stone, brick, or concrete. Examples of hardscaping projects include patio, deck, stone wall, and brick walkway.

Masonry. The art of shaping, uniting, and arranging brick, stone, and other building blocks to form walls and other building projects is called masonry.

Masonry Reinforcing. This is the process of improving the structural performance of masonry walls and other masonry projects.

Mortar. It is composed of a mixture of materials such as plaster, cement, lime, water and sand. It is used to bond masonry and other structural units.

Natural stones. This refers to non-manufactured stones that are used for decorative purposes in construction and architectural projects. Examples of natural stones include marble, slate, granite, sandstone, and limestone.

Pavers. A brick, block, or stone that can be suitable for use in creating pavements. Pavers are basically abrasion-resistant and are used for driveways and other landscaping projects.

Retaining wall. This is a masonry wall that is designed to help prevent movement of structures and soils on its side. A retaining wall can also serve as an aesthetic landscape addition.

Sealers and Sealants. These are chemicals used to protect concrete and other masonry surfaces from oil, dirt, chemicals, and other elements. They can also give a glossy seal over any surface.

Stamped concrete. A type of patterned or textured concrete which usually resembles brick, flagstone, slate, tile, wood, and the like. Concrete stamping refers to the process of impressing textures and patterns to concrete.

Stonework. This may refer to a structure that is built of stone. It can also be the technique or process of working in stone (shaping, preparing, shaping, and uniting stone).

Stucco. This is a cement or fine plaster that can be used as coating for walls or for decoration purposes. This consists of a thick layer of sand and cement mixture.

Veneer. The protective and decorative covering for interior or exterior walls and surfaces are called veneers. It can also provide insulation but does not add strength to the wall.

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